Saturday, September 24, 2011

Knowledge About Hamsters: Compulsory You Know Before Buying a Hamster

Knowledge About Hamsters: Compulsory You Know Before Buying a Hamster

Hamsters are small animals that are included in the Order Rodentia (rodents).

In the World there are five species of hamsters are commonly used as pets, namely:

   1. Syrians hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus),
   2. Champbell hamster (Phodopus Champbelli),
   3. Winter White Hamster (Phodopus Sungorus),
   4. Roborovski hamster (Phodopus Roborovskii),
   5. Chinese hamster (Cricetulus Griseus).


Species                                                          | Number of Chromosomes                |
Syrians Hamster - Mesocricetus auratus           | 44 pairs
Hamster Campbell - Phodophus campbelli       | 28 pairs
Hamster Winter White - Phodophus sungorus  | 28 pairs
Hamster Roborovski - Phodophus roborovskii | 34 pairs
Chinese Hamster - Cricetulus griceus                |22 pairs

DNA in every living being stored in a container called a chromosome.
I. The Syriac HAMSTER (Mesocricetus auratus)

Was first discovered in the year 1930 by I.aharoni, a professor of zoology habrew university, Jerusalem.

Hamsters were first discovered in an eight-foot long hole in the desert of Aleppo, therefore Syrians hamsters are known by name of Syrians hamsters (Syrian Hamster).

§ Age 2 to 2.5 years if cared for properly.

§ The length of 15-20 cm when grown.

§ Kinds of Syrians hamsters: (short hair, long hair, rex, satin).

§ Syrians hamsters gestation period 16-18 days


Mutation Name Description
Melanistic Black Black
Rust (Guninea Gold)
Acromelanic gene - "Dark White eared" White with black ears
Dark Grey Grey dark
Cream Cream / milk white
Light Grey (Grey Lethal) Gray Young (lethal)
A little cinnamon orange
Ruby Red Fawn Red rubies known to exist only in America
Silver Grey Gray silver (platinum)
Yellow Yellow, associated with sex
White Mottled White patches (lethal) - believed extinct

Mutation Name Description
Hairless Without feathers
Long Haired Long feathers
Rex (Curly hairs & Whiskers) curly hair
Satin (Shiny coat) shiny fur

Pattern Gen
Mutation Name Description
Banded (White Banded) a white circle around the neck
Dominant Spot (White Spotting) great white Striped
Spotting (piebal) small spots - believed to be extinct
Umbrous (sooty, ie black tips to fur) the other end of feather color
Roan (white bellied / mixture of white hairs with color)

Anopthalmic (Eyeless)
White, can produce offspring that are not edged


Syria hamster females will give birth on the 16th day after fertilization.

Rare late-born, the day 17th-18.

If after the 18th day had not yet given birth, or perhaps pseudo-pregnancy occurs da1am difficulty giving birth.

Difficulties in delivery may occur in hamsters syria who first gave birth at the age of six months. Meanwhile, when things do not quite fit will be a delay until more than eight days.

Both events delay pregnancy can happen if the hamster in a state of less healthy and malnourished or at room temperature does not correspond to his needs. The delay pregnancy can occur in all types of hamsters.


Syria prenatal hamster will press her stomach muscles 2-3 times and leaned to the bottom of the cage base. Not long after her baby will be born one by one with a distance of about 10 minutes from each parent will take the placenta out. The placenta is shaped like a small blob of red colored.

After the birth parent hamsters syria would put her children in the middle of the nest. Baby hamsters are small, weighing about 3 grams per head.

Hamster babies born in a state already scalloped.

Parent hamster who just gave birth and are breastfeeding their babies should not be disturbed especially touched by hand. If done, the mother hamster would not want to breastfeed their babies anymore, even a child could be eating up the new child birth. This is due to the existence of another scent that stuck to the child's body that touched the hands of the hamster. The smell is familiar to the parent hamsters, so the parent alleges that the smell is not the smell of her son.

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